Novel Psychiatric Disorder 6 Months after Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents

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Posted on August 31, 2022 by lperronne

Published:

August 22, 2022

Publication:

The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

CLI Author:

Linda Ewing-Cobbs, PhD

Abstract:

Objective: To investigate the factors predictive of novel psychiatric disorders in the interval 0–6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: Children ages 5–14 years consecutively hospitalized for mild to severe TBI at five hospitals were recruited. Participants were evaluated at baseline (soon after injury) for pre-injury characteristics including psychiatric disorders, socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial adversity, family function, family psychiatric history, and adaptive function. In addition to the psychosocial variables, injury severity and lesion location detected with acquisition of a research MRI were measured to develop a biopsychosocial predictive model for development of novel psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric outcome, including occurrence of a novel psychiatric disorder, was assessed 6 months after the injury.

Results: The recruited sample numbered 177 children, and 141 children (80%) returned for the six-month assessment. Of the 141 children, 58 (41%) developed a novel psychiatric disorder. In univariable analyses, novel psychiatric disorder was significantly associated with lower SES, higher psychosocial adversity, and lesions in frontal lobe locations, such as frontal white matter, superior frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, and orbital gyrus. Multivariable analyses found that novel psychiatric disorder was independently and significantly associated with frontal-lobe white matter, superior frontal gyrus, and orbital gyrus lesions.

Conclusion: The results demonstrate that occurrence of novel psychiatric disorders following pediatric TBI requiring hospitalization is common and has identifiable psychosocial and specific biological predictors. However, only the lesion predictors were independently related to this adverse psychiatric outcome.

Citation:

Max, J. E., Drake, I., Vaida, F., Hesselink, J. R., Ewing-Cobbs, L., Schachar, R. J., Chapman, S. B., Bigler, E. D., Wilde, E. A., Saunders, A. E., Yang, T. T., Tymofiyeva, O., & Levin, H. S. (2022). Novel Psychiatric Disorder 6 Months After Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.21120301

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.21120301